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膦类 [化学结构分类]

 Phosphorus belongs to group 15 in the periodic table, the same as nitrogen, and it binds with carbon to form various organophosphate compounds. However, since nitrogen belongs to the second-period and phosphorus to the third, they differ in atomic size, ionization energy and electronegativity etc. Therefore, organophosphate compounds show a characteristic reactivity which organic nitrogen compounds do not have, and it is utilized as a versatile reaction reagent in organic synthesis. For example, phosphorus has a high affinity for oxygen: phosphorus ylide and phosphonate are utilized for the Wittig reaction and the Horner-Emmons reaction, respectively, and it extracts oxygen from aldehydes to produce olefins. Phosphine extracts oxygen from alcohols to produce esters in the Mitsunobu reaction.
 Another feature of phosphine includes bearing a soft lone pair. Therefore, it forms comparatively stable complexes with transition metals such as palladium. This transition metal complex is used frequently as a catalyst in reactions such as the Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling reaction and the Heck reaction.1) Although phosphine also has a trigonal pyramidal structure like amines, its rotational barrier energy is considerably higher than the corresponding amine. Therefore, a phosphine which has three different substituents has optical isomers. This optically-active phosphine is utilized for asymmetric syntheses as a P-chiral ligand.2) In this section, we introduce tri-substituted alkyl and aryl phosphines, such as tricyclohexylphosphine and triphenylphosphine.

Literature

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产品编码 B3449
CAS RN 71042-55-2
纯度/分析方法 >98.0%(GC)

产品编码 B3450
CAS RN 71042-54-1
纯度/分析方法 >98.0%(GC)

产品编码 B4560
CAS RN 5074-71-5
纯度/分析方法 >98.0%(GC)

产品编码 B5301
CAS RN 866081-62-1
纯度/分析方法 >98.0%(HPLC)

产品编码 B5302
CAS RN 1107608-80-9
纯度/分析方法 >98.0%(HPLC)

产品编码 B5957
CAS RN 325773-62-4
纯度/分析方法 >98.0%(GC)

产品编码 B6674
CAS RN 217648-63-0
纯度/分析方法 >98.0%(qNMR)

产品编码 D2537
CAS RN 74311-56-1
纯度/分析方法 >98.0%(HPLC)

产品编码 D2630
CAS RN 7650-84-2
纯度/分析方法 >98.0%(GC)(T)

产品编码 D2774
CAS RN 145964-33-6
纯度/分析方法 >98.0%(GC)

产品编码 D3242
CAS RN 17261-28-8
纯度/分析方法 >98.0%(GC)(T)

产品编码 D3387
CAS RN 224311-51-7
纯度/分析方法 >98.0%(GC)

产品编码:   B4560 | 纯度/分析方法   >98.0%(GC)

产品编码:   B5301 | 纯度/分析方法   >98.0%(HPLC)

产品编码:   B5302 | 纯度/分析方法   >98.0%(HPLC)

产品编码:   B5957 | 纯度/分析方法   >98.0%(GC)

产品编码:   D2630 | 纯度/分析方法   >98.0%(GC)(T)

产品编码:   D2774 | 纯度/分析方法   >98.0%(GC)

产品编码:   D3242 | 纯度/分析方法   >98.0%(GC)(T)

产品编码:   D3387 | 纯度/分析方法   >98.0%(GC)

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