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膦类 [化学结构分类]

 Phosphorus belongs to group 15 in the periodic table, the same as nitrogen, and it binds with carbon to form various organophosphate compounds. However, since nitrogen belongs to the second-period and phosphorus to the third, they differ in atomic size, ionization energy and electronegativity etc. Therefore, organophosphate compounds show a characteristic reactivity which organic nitrogen compounds do not have, and it is utilized as a versatile reaction reagent in organic synthesis. For example, phosphorus has a high affinity for oxygen: phosphorus ylide and phosphonate are utilized for the Wittig reaction and the Horner-Emmons reaction, respectively, and it extracts oxygen from aldehydes to produce olefins. Phosphine extracts oxygen from alcohols to produce esters in the Mitsunobu reaction.
 Another feature of phosphine includes bearing a soft lone pair. Therefore, it forms comparatively stable complexes with transition metals such as palladium. This transition metal complex is used frequently as a catalyst in reactions such as the Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling reaction and the Heck reaction.1) Although phosphine also has a trigonal pyramidal structure like amines, its rotational barrier energy is considerably higher than the corresponding amine. Therefore, a phosphine which has three different substituents has optical isomers. This optically-active phosphine is utilized for asymmetric syntheses as a P-chiral ligand.2) In this section, we introduce tri-substituted alkyl and aryl phosphines, such as tricyclohexylphosphine and triphenylphosphine.

Literature

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产品编码 D3388
CAS RN 247940-06-3
纯度/分析方法 >98.0%(GC)

产品编码 D3389
CAS RN 213697-53-1
纯度/分析方法 >98.0%(GC)(T)

产品编码 D3834
CAS RN 628333-86-8
纯度/分析方法 >98.0%(GC)(T)

产品编码 D4688
CAS RN 13885-09-1
纯度/分析方法 >98.0%(GC)

产品编码 D4953
CAS RN 34825-99-5
纯度/分析方法 >98.0%(GC)(T)

产品编码 D5036
CAS RN 657408-07-6
纯度/分析方法 >98.0%(HPLC)

产品编码 D5037
CAS RN 787618-22-8
纯度/分析方法 >98.0%(T)(HPLC)

产品编码 D5038
CAS RN 564483-18-7
纯度/分析方法 >98.0%(GC)

产品编码 D5039
CAS RN 564483-19-8
纯度/分析方法 >98.0%(T)(qNMR)

产品编码 D5663
CAS RN 1160861-53-9
纯度/分析方法 >98.0%(T)(qNMR)

产品编码:   D3388 | 纯度/分析方法   >98.0%(GC)

产品编码:   D3389 | 纯度/分析方法   >98.0%(GC)(T)

产品编码:   D3834 | 纯度/分析方法   >98.0%(GC)(T)

产品编码:   D4688 | 纯度/分析方法   >98.0%(GC)

产品编码:   D4953 | 纯度/分析方法   >98.0%(GC)(T)

产品编码:   D5036 | 纯度/分析方法   >98.0%(HPLC)

产品编码:   D5037 | 纯度/分析方法   >98.0%(T)(HPLC)

产品编码:   D5038 | 纯度/分析方法   >98.0%(GC)

产品编码:   D5039 | 纯度/分析方法   >98.0%(T)(qNMR)

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