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Phthalocyanine Dyes, Porphyrin Dyes

 Porphyrin has a cyclic structure with four condensed pyrroles. The corresponding porphyrin metal complexes are important in-vivo, because they are included in chlorophyll functioning photo absorption and photo electron transfer for photosynthesis, and also included in heme (hemoglobin) transporting oxygen in blood. In addition, porphyrinato metal complexes are useful for photoelectron functional materials, metal complex catalysts and molecular electrical conductors. Chemical modifications of substituted groups, metal centers, and axial ligands on the porphyrinato metal complexes show various functionalities. Normal porphyrin complexes have sharp absorptions, the so-called Soret band, around 400-500 nm, and the Q band around 500-700 nm that is a relatively weak absorption. Molar absorption coefficients of the Soret band are up to order of 106 M/cm. The chlorophyll and porphyrinato zinc complexes hardly show energy relaxation of absorbed light, but easily show photoelectron transfer. Therefore, studies on porphyrinato metal complexes are performed for artificial photosynthesis (eg. reduction of carbon dioxide) and solar cell materials.
 Phthalocyanine compounds do not exist in nature, although they have an analogue structure to porphyrin compounds. The phthalocyanato metal complexes are artificial dyes for painting of railway trains, and for organic photoconductors of electrophotography. There are applications of organic semiconductors as organic transistors and hole injection materials for organic light-emitting diodes (OLED). The phthalocyanato metal complexes show a more intense Q band absorption than that of the Soret band. Their absorption wavelengths are shifted to longer wavelengths than those of porphyrin compounds. Absorption wavelength is further shifted to the near infrared area by modification of the central metal and expansion of the π-conjugates. Introduction of an alkyl group provides soluble phthalocyanine and porphyrin compounds, although they are poorly soluble due to the large π-conjugated cycle.
A5013
TPPS Hydrate (=Tetraphenylporphyrin Tetrasulfonic Acid Hydrate) [Ultra-high sensitive spectrophotometric reagent for transition metals]
A5015
TCPP [=Tetrakis(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin] [Ultra-high sensitive spectrophotometric reagent for Cu, Cd] [For the simultaneous determination of metals by HPLC]
B4314
[5,15-Bis(phenylethynyl)-10,20-bis[(triisopropylsilyl)ethynyl]porphyrinato]magnesium(II)
C1167
Phthalocyanine Chloroaluminum
C1630
5-(4-Carboxyphenyl)-10,15,20-triphenylporphyrin
C2427
Copper(II) 2,3,9,10,16,17,23,24-Octafluorophthalocyanine (purified by sublimation)
C2987
Copper(II) Tetraphenylporphyrin
C3051
Copper(II) 5,9,14,18,23,27,32,36-Octabutoxy-2,3-naphthalocyanine
C3252
Cobalt(II) Phthalocyanine (purified by sublimation)
C3579
Cobalt(II) Tetraphenylporphyrin
D2860
5,15-Diphenylporphyrin
H1194
1,2,3,4,8,9,10,11,15,16,17,18,22,23,24,25-Hexadecafluorophthalocyanine Copper(II) (purified by sublimation)
I0783
Iron(II) Phthalocyanine (purified by sublimation)
I0937
Iron(III) Tetraphenylporphyrin Chloride
M1338
5-(4-Methoxycarbonylphenyl)-10,15,20-triphenylporphyrin
M2209
Magnesium Porphyrin
O0234
2,3,7,8,12,13,17,18-Octaethylporphyrin
O0319
2,3,7,8,12,13,17,18-Octafluoro-5,10,15,20-tetrakis(pentafluorophenyl)porphyrin
P0355
Phthalocyanine
P0655
Pigment Blue 15
P0660
Pigment Green 7
P0766
Lead(II) Phthalocyanine
P0767
Zinc Phthalocyanine
P0774
Iron(II) Phthalocyanine
P0887
Cobalt(II) Phthalocyanine
P0973
Disodium Phthalocyanine
P0997
Tin(IV) Phthalocyanine Dichloride
P1005
Copper(II) Phthalocyanine (α-form)
P1006
Copper(II) Phthalocyanine (β-form)
P1018
Magnesium(II) Phthalocyanine
P1024
Tin(II) Phthalocyanine
P1049
Dilithium Phthalocyanine
P1628
Pigment Blue 15 (purified by sublimation)
P1795
Phthalocyanine (purified by sublimation)
T1256
Copper(II) 2,9,16,23-Tetra-tert-butylphthalocyanine
T1358
meso-Tetraphenylchlorin
T1359
Tetraphenylporphyrin (Chlorin free)
T1360
5,10,15,20-Tetrakis(4-methoxyphenyl)porphyrin
T1438
5,10,15,20-Tetrakis(2,6-dichlorophenyl)porphyrin
T1494
5,10,15,20-Tetrakis(4-aminophenyl)porphyrin
T1495
5,10,15,20-Tetrakis(4-carboxymethyloxyphenyl)porphyrin
T1497
5,10,15,20-Tetrakis(4-hydroxyphenyl)porphyrin
T1729
5,10,15,20-Tetrakis(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)porphyrin
T1730
5,10,15,20-Tetrakis(pentafluorophenyl)porphyrin
T1815
5,10,15,20-Tetrakis(3,5-dihydroxyphenyl)porphyrin
T1832
5,10,15,20-Tetrakis(3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)porphyrin
T1861
[5,10,15,20-Tetrakis(4-methoxyphenyl)porphyrinato]cobalt(II)
T2222
5,10,15,20-Tetra(4-pyridyl)porphyrin
T2272
Titanyl Phthalocyanine (purified by sublimation)
T2940
Tin(IV) 2,3-Naphthalocyanine Dichloride
T3063
5,10,15,20-Tetrakis(p-tolyl)porphyrin
Y0011
YD2
Z0036
Zinc(II) Tetraphenylporphyrin
Z0037
Zinc Phthalocyanine (purified by sublimation)

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